जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी
WHAT IS MITHILA HERITAGE?
Do you remember the ring finding ritual?
Yes that ritual in which few Kaudi shells and a ring are kept in the milk and both bride and groom get seven chances to find the ring.
In this modern era, we still love our rituals and traditions. People are now more interested in traditions and cultures. However due to lack of knowledge and generation gaps, it is getting lost somewhere.
But, Don't Worry!
Mithila Heritage is here to save our culture and to help us enjoy it.
The cultural heritage of Mithila is extremely rich, we need to understand it's importance and continue to learn and embrace it.
कल-कल कमला,कोशी बलान
बागमती के तीर सिधार।
परम-प्रिय मिथिला नमस्कार।
These lines are a brief description of the serene Mithila.
The land of Kamla , Koshi and Bagmati. The land where these rivers comes down from the Himalayas to get their youth form and surge in their full flow . The place where people are pure by their heart and soul. We bow to that holy land of Mithila.
Mithila,the land of culture and traditions .This is what we think of when we hear this word but the sphere of Mithila can not be limited up to this only. There are many more dimensions where Mithila has left its print .Many more dimensions are yet to be discovered and those which are known are still out of reach of many common people and are limited to some texts only.
Before showing you the varied forms of Milthila, let us know "what Mithila is ?"
Mithila is a great amalgamation of people from varied originality who came together along with their history , culture ,tradition and language and so a very new and profound form came up in a particular region ( in the plains of Gandaki, Kosi, Bagmati and Ganga) which later on called as Mithila. The name of Mithila was given on the name of the king 'Mithi' who established his kingdom here and so the language which the people speak there, called Maithili.
In this holy land, many great philosopher came up and enlightened the whole region , it is why Mithila is called as the land of enlightened one. It is also well known for its rich culture of food,clothing and festivals which have their own cultural and economic significance with a profound scientific reasons behind each of them.
Now a days, due to lack of economic development a major portion of population is left uneducated and hence don't know much about their rich cultural heritage which have a great relevance in today's world.
So, we here at Mithila Heritage aim to unveil some of the less known faces of Mithila,so that each and everyone get to know about its rich history ,culture and tradition along with its social and political aspects and feel proud that they are a part of this holy land of Mithila.
मिथिला की सांस्कृतिक धरोहर अत्यंत समृद्ध है। इसका संरक्षण बहुत जरूरी है। यहां प्राचीन सामग्री तो बहुत है लेकिन उनमें जो विशिष्ट हैं वे हमारी धरोहर हैं। इनके महत्व को समझना तथा उनका संरक्षण करना नई पीढ़ी का दायित्व है।
The cultural heritage of Mithila is very rich. It's preservation is of utmost priority. There are a lot of ancient materials available here, and among them the most special ones are our heritage. Understanding their importance and preserving them is the responsibility of the our generation.
MITHILA HERITAGE IS THE FIRST STEP
Amazing Mithila Facts!
Makhana or Foxnut originated from Mithila and become famous worldwide for it's rich nutritional values and super delicious taste. It is undoubtedly the most versatile and yummy food which could not only be a superfast snack but also a mouthwatering Kheer (pudding).
Editted By : Anjali
Editted By : Anjali
~ Yasha Sandilya
Editted By : Anjali
Salhesh Artists and Their Relegation
Editted By : Anjali
The Geography of Mithila
The Geography of Mithila
The ancient and serene land of Mithila or Mithilanchal is the birthplace of Goddess Sita. It is one of the most blessed region with extremely fertile land, 7 rivers and rich heritage which is not only mentioned in ancient history but even in vedic and pre-vedic texts!
To answer the question "Where is Mithila in India", we can take reference of Vrihad Vishnu Puran, where the boundary of Mithila is described as :-
कौशिकीन्तु समारभ्य गण्डकीमधिगम्यवै।
योजनानि चतुर्विंश व्यायामः परिकीर्त्तितः॥
गङ्गा प्रवाहमारभ्य यावद्धैमवतम्वनम् ।
विस्तारः षोडशप्रोक्तो देशस्य कुलनन्दन॥
अर्थात् : पूर्व में कोसी से आरंभ होकर पश्चिम में गंडकी तक 24 योजन तथा दक्षिण में गंगा नदी से आरंभ होकर उत्तर में हिमालय वन (तराई प्रदेश) तक 16 योजन मिथिला का विस्तार है।
It means "Starting from Kosi in the east, to 24 Yojana(One Yojana = 13 km) till Gandaki in the west and 16 Yojana starting from the Ganga River in the south to Himalayan Forest (Terai region) in the north.
The rich heritage of Mithila, could be easily noticed from the time of Ramayana, where it it also called Janakpur and it's king or Mithila Naresh is called Mithila Janak, which means father of Mithila. In Ramyana Lord Ram travelled from Ayodhya to Mithila with sage Vishwamitra to reach Janakpur Palace( now in Nepal) to marry the Goddess Sita.
The present day boundary of countries and states does not define the boundary of Mithila neither does it confine the people of Mithila. The present map of Mithila would include parts of Nepal, Bihar and Jharkhand where Maithils( people of Mithila) live with complete peace and love, distant from the hatred of national and international boundaries and any form of chauvinism. This is a very peculiar example and so is the land of this beautiful place.
Mithila is sorrounded by natural boundaries like hills, rivers and mountains. It is a super fertile alluvial plane knitted by number of rivers originating from the mighty Himalaya.
Infact seven major rivers flow through Mithila! They are :-
7. Budhi Gandak.
They flow from the Himalayas in the north to the great Ganga river in the south. Thanks to flat plains and fertile land, it has a well off variety of biotic resources.
Native of this region have even proposed for Mithila State, so that the region can get it's due recognition in present time which is no doubt missing. Mithila is a large region, Maithils are in huge numbers and it's language Maithili is a largely spoken language and even listed in 22 Regional Languages of Indian Survey. Maithili is infact very old language and has it's own script called Mithilakshar. Hence, it can't be defied that in future we can see a new Mithila state in the map of India. Which could consist of following districts( Mithila Nepal not included ), claimed to be part of Mithila by locals and the history itself :-
~ Sumit Jha
History of Mithila
History of Mithila
Here we are going to unfold some the less known part about the history of Mithila ,that how it get known to the people and how the civilization of Mithila came up ?
History of mithila can be traced back to the arrival of Aryans in Indian subcontinent. During the pre-vedic periods (1000-600 BCE) the Aryans got to know about the rich and fertile land to the east of Gandaki river and so the civilzation in the holy land Mithila began from there .
When Aryans established themself in western and central part of Indian subcontinent ,they advanced up to the eastern part of India. However, as the Aryans advanced eastward from Varanasi, they noticed that the people of the eastern regions have a very rich cuture and were much more superior than them in this aspect. The Aryans' sense of superiority and vanity of culture was increasingly deflated as they moved eastward from Allahabad.
After coming to Varanasi Aryans found the entire land is a tantrik area,so they found it pointless to fight with them (considering it a wise way to deal with the virtuous people).So they declared that land as a doomed one and those who advanced eastward would be degenerated. The main purpose behind this was to prevent people from moving east to avoid any conflict with them as will certainly lead to Aryans defeat.But instead of these restrictions many of them moved ahead as they have heard lot about the fertile land to the east of Saryu (land of Ganga ,koshi and Gandaka).Those who entered the non-Aryan land were declared to be of an inferior caste ; they were called Sarayu'pa'r'ii Bra'hman.
While exploring the rich land of the east they crossed Ganga ,kosi and Nara'ya'nii Gan'd'aka and entered Mithila. The inhabitants of Mithila were of Aryan-Austriko-Mongoloid stock and were mostly tribal people. The Aryans had little conflict with those indigenous people but finally they were able to establish there.The imprints of those tribal tradition can be clearly seen in the Mithila paintings.Godna style of painting has its origin from their only (It was made by those people as a tatoo on their body).
Those who reached Mithila became very prosperous and those who stayed back there get covetous of their growing wealth. So they declared those who crossed river as of an inferior caste. Those who crossed the Nara'ya'nii-Gan'd'aka river were hated by the others, and the reason behind this haterd was greed and jealousy.
Kingdom of Mithila
Kingdom of Mithila was established by king "Mithi" of Videha kingdom .Mithila has been represented as a land of learned man "Janaka", who belong to a long line of Videhan king.It is the home of Sita,the protagonist of Ramayana.
Videhan kingdom was replaced by the Lichchhavis of Vajjian republic in vaishali,before the rise of Buddhism in 6th century BCE.Evntually, Ajatashatru of Magadh empire conquered the Vajjian kingdom and many other dynasty ruled over mithila and the glory of mithila fainted at the cost of expansionist policy of various kings.
It was fourteen hundred year later that Mithila kingdom found its 'lost glory'once again in Karnata kings.
Nanya dev was the first ruler of karnata dynesty and also he was the first sovereign ruler of Mithila.The epithet 'Mithileshvara' that he took on was meant to demonstrate his power to his subjects.Their first capital was Simraun Garh(Birganj). Nanya Deva is said to have infused 'Maithiliness' or 'maithiligiest' to the scholar practising Maithili language to his patronage. The earliest extant work in Maithili language 'Varnaratnakara' composed by Jyotiriswara is the product of this period.
King Harisimhadev was the most prominent dynasty of this dynasty.On his order the system of documenting and maintaining genealogical records or panji prabandh was introduced for the Brahmins and Karn Kayastha of Mithila.
The Karnata dynasty was followed by the Onivaras.By the time of their dynasty muslim invaders has came to north India.
Firoz Shah Tughlak attacked Mithila and conquered it.For over the next thirty years there was no king and mithila was under direct control of muslim rulers.
Eventually, Tugalaq handed over the reign of the region to kameshwar Thakur, with whom started the tradition of Brahmin rulers,which continued till the monarchy when India became an Independent nation-state.
History of Maithili
History of Maithili
Maithili language, with Magadhi (Magahi) and Bhojpuri is one of the three main languages of Bihar state.Among all these Maithili is the only Bihari language with a script of its own, called Tirhuta, and a strong literary history. For centuries, the pandits of Mithila have been famous for their learnings.
While looking into the history of maithili we found that it is one of the Indo- Aryan languages.Even in its linguistics, we will get that Maithili is considered as Eastern- Indic language,therefore making it diffrent from Hindi, which is Central Indic in origin. It is believed that Maithili was a corrupt form of Hindi until the Maithili grammar appeared in 1880-81. This language is derived from Avahattha. The name of the language is derived from the word Mithila which is said to be the ancient kingdom of Sita's father King Janaka. Though it is said that in ancient times in Mithila, Sanskrit was used by the scholars for their literary work and Maithili was the common language of the local folk.
The various dialects of Maithili are standard Maithili, southern standard Maithili, eastern Maithili, Western Maithili, Jolaha and Central Colloquial Maithili.The central/ Madhubani dailect or Sotipura is considered as standard form of Maithili.It is spoken mainly in Darbhanga and Madhubani district of Bihar.
Maithili was traditionally written in the Maithili, which has some resemblance to the Bengali script and is also known by names like Tirhuta and Mithilakshar. Apart from this, the Maithili language was also written in the Kaithi script. However, it is the Devanagri script that is most commonly used for writing Maithili in the present times. An official statement by government shows that, Mithilakshar emerged as a language in 10 Century AD. The oldest form of the language was found in Sahodara stone inscriptions of 950 AD.The script has been used throughout Mithila from Champaran to Deoghar. Maithili Grammar is considered to be a very standard Grammar. It is based on the based on the sutras of Sanskrit grammar of Panini.
When we talk about literature of Mithila then we get that it has a very rich literary history with its own script,which makes it diffrent from other folk languages of the region and gives it the dignity of being called 'Bhasha'(language),rather then just being a 'Boli'(folk language).
If we start tracing the history of Maithili literature, then we will get that most of the works in Maithili is done by a very prominent figure of Mithila "Vidyapati" who was in the court of Maharaja Shiva Simha of Sugaona ,who flourished in the middle of the l5th century. But the credit to start the literary works in Maithili goes to'Jyotirishwar Thakur' as his book "Varn Ratnakar" is probably the earliest work in Maithili literature dated at about 1224 AD. The medieval period of Maithili was during the Karnat Dynasty and litterateurs like Gangesh, Padmanabh, Chandeshwar, Vireshwar and others were famous during this period.
In 1965, Maithili language was officially accepted by Sahitya Academy. After that, it has won awards almost every year. Literary works in the Maithili language have also won a number of other awards. Maithil Mahasabha, the first social organization was established in 1910 for the development of Mithili and Maithili languages. Maithil Mahasabha had also campaigned for official recognition of Maithili as a regional language.In 2003 it was recognized in the VIII schedule of the Indian Constitution as a major Indian language.
Lack of using Mithilakshar script has become a reason for the language's decline. Government is taking some of the measures recommended to protect the Maithili language. The use of this script has been declining since the last 100 years, which is the primary reason for the cultures decline. Maithali language is getting developed in a composite manner despite having been accorded a constitutional status in the constitution.